WILDLIFE RESEARCH

We have conducted numerous studies on some of the world’s most endangered animals. Utilizing our current capacity and know how, we have introduced conservation genetics in research studies of such animals as snow leopard, musk deer, wolf and Asian elephants. Through our Nepal Tiger Genome Project, we are building a comprehensive DNA database of all the Bengal tigers found throughout Terai arc region of Nepal. We have also been working on developing molecular diagnostic tools for the detection of Tuberculosis and Herpes in Asian Elephants. Additionally, we are working on population census studies of the Asiatic one-horned rhino in Chitwan and common leopards in the Annapurna area and conducting ex-situ conservation of threatened species such as Vultures and Amphibians

Wolf

Environmental DNA Meta-Barcoding of fish in Nepal

Knowledge on species distribution and ecology is critical for ecological management and conservation biology. Information on distribution of native fish in Nepalese rivers is limited; there is a paucity of knowledge on accurate morphological, genetic and ecological characterizations of many fish in Nepal.

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Musk_Dear

Wildlife Genetics and Conservation: The Broader Spectrum

Wildlife genetics constitute one of the core research activities at CMDN. As pioneers of non-invasive genetics in Nepal, we have so far studied felids (Tiger, Snow Leopard, Common Leopard, Pallas Cat), Canids (Himalayan Wolf, Dhole), Rodents (Rattus rattus, Himalayan Field Mouse), Rhinos, Elephants and Musk Deer.

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Musk_Dear

Genetic Study of Bengal tigers

Nepal Tiger Genome Project

Consider yourself fortunate if you spot a tiger deep in jungle- an incredible thrill only few lucky ones get to experience. Sadly, there aren’t many of these beautiful beasts left in the wild!!!

Poaching and probably wildlife diseases have put their...

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Musk_Dear

Genetic species characterization of rodents of Nepal

Many members of the Rattus species have sub-species with various color patterns and they globally distributed. Many Rattus sub-species are believed to be native to India and other Indo-Malayan countries; Rattus rattus thrives in tropical regions but are thought...

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Musk_Dear

Genetics of Trans-Himalayan Wolf (Canis lupus)

Himalayan Wolf is a sub-species of the Gray Wolf- a fairly new species. They are mostly found in India (Jammu, Kashmir) and Nepal with some reported presence in China and Mongolia. There is limited information on basic ecology of this species in the Himalayan...

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Musk_Dear

Molecular based Wildlife Forensics: Genetics and Bioinformatics

The baseline genetic database generated through the Nepal Tiger Genome Project (NTGP) has built an effective tool in the fight against wildlife crime in Nepal and beyond. Seized wildlife parts have been processed ...

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Snow Leopard

Non-invasive genetic population survey of snow leopards (Panthera uncia) in Kangchenjunga and Shey Phoksundo National Park

CMDN, together with WWF-Nepal, the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Snow Leopard Conservancy, conducted .....

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Musk Deer

Musk Deer in Mustang, Nepal

There are three different musk deer species said to exist in Nepal, Moschus chrysogaster, Moschus leucogaster, and Moschus fuscus, although their exact distribution is unclear and yet to be validated by field-based evidence. The primary objective of the research was to confirm the species of musk deer....

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Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV)

Prevalence of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpes Virus (EEHV) in captive breeding Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Nepal

Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) is a growing threat to the Asian elephant population worldwide. The disease is characterized by sudden onset of lethargy...

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M. tuberculosis and M. bovis in Asian Elephant

Assessment of detection technique for M. tuberculosis and M. bovis in Asian Elephant of Nepal

Elephant are prone to a variety of infectious disease including tuberculosis, which pose a significant risk to the future conservation of captive and wild Asian elephant populations. Tuberculosis is well documented in Nepal, and previous research has laid foundations for..

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Population census of the One-Horned Rhinoceros in the Chitwan National Park

The range of Rhino are now confined to few scattered places in Terai Arc Landscape of India and Nepal and in the grasslands of Assam, north Bengal and northeast India. In this currently-on going study, we aim to genetically identify and count Rhinos from....

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Surveillance of Influenza A and its sub-type inmigratory wild birds in Nepal

Wild migratory birds whose migratory path often crisscross south and east Asian countries, are known to carry the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). This study is designed to detect and characterize circulating Influenza A and its subtypes in migratory bird populations in Nepal.

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Species identification using DNA Bar-codingof mitochondrial COI

As part of biodiversity research, CMDN has beencollaborating with the Griffith University (Australia) toidentify species using DNA analysis on various biologicalsamples collected from long term biodiversity researchplots (PPBio plots) from the Chitwan National Park.Samples were collected in 2013 and were analyzed atCMDN

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Virus discovery in wildlife-urban interface usinglatest in molecular technology- PREDICT Nepal

The USAID Emerging Pandemic Threats PREDICTproject has been working withgovernment partnersin 20 countries to develop efforts for surveillance,testing, and reporting of potential human pathogensin wildlife.

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Human wildlife disease risk assessment in urban setting- using latest in mobile based data captureand analysis

More than 60% of infectious diseases in humansare caused by pathogens shared with wild ordomestic animals (Taylor 2001), and the greatestburden on human health and livelihoods globallyhas been linked to endemic zoonoses (ILRI 2012).

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Wildlife research usinginnovative technologies-use ofunmanned aerial photographyand mobile based field datacollection

CMDN has been actively developing and testing variouscutting edge technologies to capture, transmit and analyzewildlife information. CMDN has been experimenting withvarious unmanned aerial .....

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Preliminary assessment on use of Fragment Length DNA Analysis in generating molecular ailment mapof Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is arecessive X-linked form of muscular dystrophy,affecting around 1 in 3,600 boys, which results inmuscle degeneration and eventual death.

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Wildlife forensic regional capacity building efforts

Wildlife crime is a serioustransnational threat tobiodiversity in South Asia.Driven by organized criminalsyndicates who control theburgeoning and highly lucrative illicit trade, it is impossible forany one country to tackle thecrime alone. A well-coordinatedand collaborative response isneeded to address this crime.

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Cuonalpinus (Dhole) - Genetics based population studies

Dhole, commonly known as the Asiatic wilddog is a much understudied species with a lowfragmented population distributed across partsof South/South East Asia. Now a protectedspecies, the Dhole is in danger of extinctionowing to years ofhabitat disturbance,depletion in preypopulations andhuman interferenceamongst

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Himalayan field Mouse, Apodemusgurkha

Himalayan field mouse is a nocturnal andterrestrial species. This species is endemicto Nepal and is known only to be foundfrom seven locations (Gurkha, Maharigaon,Gorapani, Takucha, Larjung, Chitare andUpper Ulleri) in Central Nepal (Agrawal 2000; Molur et al. 2005) at an altitudinalrange of 2,400 to 3,500 m. This species hasbeen listed as endangered...

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Pika, Ochotona spp.

Pika (Ochotonaspp) is a small, herbivorous,conspicuously cute mammal related torabbits and hares. There are 30 speciesof pikas (Ochotona spp.) distributedthroughout the world. Five species of Pikashave been reported hitherto from Nepalnamely Ochotonacurzoniae, O. nubrica, O.thibetana, O. macrotis, O. roylei. It has beenrecorded from mountainous areas withinthe habitat range of rhododendron, juniper,fir and oak forest to Shrubby and alpinemeadows.

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Genetic Species Characterization of Amphibians of Nepal

This study focuses on understanding the biodiversity of amphibians in Nepal and the underlying mechanisms that have driven diversification within these species. Based on morphology and the genetic work done on eight species, the result is expected to reveal higher levels of diversity. The information will have rapid conservation applications by revealing what elements

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Usage of Bioinformatics to Infer Hidden Codes from Wildlife Genetics Research

Bioinformatics has become an essential tool for analyzing and interpreting biological and genetic data. Bioinformatics utilizes computational systems and softwareto combine statistics, mathematics and engineering. CMDN now has afull blown bioinformatics facility that has been analyzing genetic

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Bat Telemetry Tracking Map

A Bat Telemetry TrackingMap has been prepared to showcase the bat tracking activity at Sillinge, Nepal. The species tracked was RousetusLeschenaultii using telemetry at around 40 locations. The map shows the stretch of tracking spots as well as the places where bat signals can be successfully received. The landcover/landuse details overlaid on the terrain in the backdrop provides information of suitable locations for bat tracking in the future.

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Predict Jadibuti Map

Predict JadibutiMap, the first of its kind, offers a comprehensive overview of the household survey integrating animal virus sampling results performed on ducks and rats at the Jadibuti area of Kathmandu. The interactive map gives details of sampling sites, types of samples, species involved, types of viruses found, and household survey details. It also includes the statistical findings of the survey. The map has currently been launched in a beta version and will be modified in the coming days. Users will be able to access all the details of the survey and its fundamental findings from this interactive map.

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Developing Highly Effective and Thermo-tolerant Vaccines to Tackle Poultry Disease

Threats of various known and unknown poultry diseases are amongst the biggest challenges faced by the commercial and domestic poultry sector. Newcastle disease is considered to be among the deadliest in rural and peri-urban areas. Although numerous brands of vaccines for Newcastle disease are available, their temperature sensitive nature demands strict and constant refrigeration, which presents an immense hurdle in their storage and transportation, especially in rural areas of Nepal.

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